Event-Based Motion Segmentation by Motion Compensation

T. Stoffregen, G. Gallego, T. Drummond, L. Kleeman, D. Scaramuzza

International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019



Abstract. In contrast to traditional cameras, whose pixels have a common exposure time, event-based cameras are novel bio-inspired sensors whose pixels work independently and \emph{asynchronously} output intensity changes (called ‘‘events’’), with microsecond resolution. Since events are caused by the apparent motion of objects, event-based cameras sample visual information based on the scene dynamics and are, therefore, a more natural fit than traditional cameras to acquire motion, especially at high speeds, where traditional cameras suffer from motion blur. However, distinguishing between events caused by different moving objects and by the camera’s ego-motion is a challenging task. We present the first per-event segmentation method for splitting a scene into independently moving objects. Our method jointly estimates the event-object associations (i.e., segmentation) and the motion parameters of the objects (or the background) by maximization of an objective function, which builds upon recent results on event-based motion-compensation. We provide a thorough evaluation of our method on a public dataset, outperforming the state-of-the-art by as much as 10%. We also show the first quantitative evaluation of a segmentation algorithm for event cameras, yielding around 90% accuracy at 4 pixels relative displacement.

Reference: T. Stoffregen, G. Gallego, T. Drummond, L. Kleeman, D. Scaramuzza, “Event-Based Motion Segmentation by Motion Compensation”, International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2019.